Root Canal Treatment or Endotontic treatment  refers to the specialized dental procedure of removing damaged or infected dental pulp from a tooth and filled it with biocompatible and inert materials. It is a method that prevents the further developing and spreading of infection and the possibility of that tooth falling out. Root canal therapy is recommended in instances where an abscess (a pocket of pus that forms at the tip of the tooth's root) becomes visible.



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1.Deep Infection


Root Canal Treatment is needed when an injury or large cavity damages the nerve.



2. A Route to the Root


The dentist numbs the tooth. An opening is made through the crown of the tooth to the pulp chamber



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3. Removing the Infected/Inflamed Tissue


Special files are used to clean the infection and unhealthy pulp out of the canals. Then they shape the canals for the filling material. Irrigation is used to help clean the canals and remove debris.



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4.Filling the Canals


The canals are filled with a permanent material. Typically this is done with a material known as gutta-percha. This helps to keep the canals free of infection or contamination.


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5. Rebuilding the Tooth


A temporary filling material is placed on top of the gutta-percha to seal the opening. The filling remains until the tooth receives a permanent filling or a crown. A crown, sometimes called a cap looks like a natural tooth. It is placed over the top of the tooth.



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6. Extra Support


In some cases, a post is placed into the root next to the gutta-percha. This gives the crown more support.


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 7. The Crowning Touch



The crown is cemented into place.